The Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. It is the second-largest antelope in the world, being slightly smaller on average than the giant eland. Mainly an herbivore, its diet is primarily grasses and leaves. Common Elands form herds of up to 500 animals but are not territorial. It prefers habitats with a wide variety of flowering plants such as savannah, woodlands, and open and montane grasslands; it avoids dense forests. It uses loud barks, visual and postural movements, and the flehmen response to communicate and warn others of danger. The common eland is used by humans for leather, meat, and rich, nutritious milk, and has been domesticated in many areas.
It is native to Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.